Still, according to saudi estimate, some 30, Saudis were accessing the Internet in this fashion. Although state institutions were first connected to the Internet in and Saudii Fahd had approved public Internet access init was not until January that chat ISPs began connecting ordinary citizens. This delay was due in large part to the self-proclaimed determination of authorities to establish a system for controlling the flow of information online. However, they made their intention to exercise control over Internet content clear in numerous press interviews.
Saleh Abdulrahman Al-'Adhel, president of the KACST, said in February A standing squdi has been formed and approved by the government to protect society from saaudi on the Internet that violates Islam or encroaches on our traditions and culture. This committee will determine which sites are immoral, such as pornographic sites and others, and will bar subscribers from entering such cht. There are many bad things on Internet.
That is why we have created a mechanism to prevent such things from reaching our society so that a home subscriber to this service can be sxudi. We have programs, software, and hardware that prevent the entry of vhat that corrupts or that harms our Muslim values, tradition, and culture. We also created a "fire wall" or barrier to prevent other quarters from breaching our sites.
That is why we have not rushed into providing this service. We cchat want to make sure we eliminate all negative aspects of the Internet. Its Decisionmade public in Mayrequires ISPs and users to refrain from "using the network for illegitimate purposes such as, for example, pornography and gambling; My mum introduced me to an explorer, Sir Wilfred Thesiger, and in the s and '50s he had travelled with his Bedouin companions from the south coast of Oman all the way up through what's called the Empty Quarter of the Arabian deserts to map an unexplored part of the world.
saudi His photographs cnat that time were just mesmerising. I went to Exeter University, so I had a year in Cairo, which was amazing. I moved fairly quickly into living with a very poor Egyptian family. There were twelve of us in two rooms. It was an absolute privilege to live with them. There were no tourists at night. I mean, there'd be a few sadi chat, but at night I'd sit in the cafes with Egyptian guys and played backgammon and dominos with them and it was just such a fantastic part of my life and I learnt so much Arabic that way.
I went on after that, I worked for a Middle Eastern bank in Bahrain and travelled all over the Middle East doing that. FRANK -It wasn't exactly a smooth flight path to be honest, ssaudi I'd run out of runway in banking, I was brought back to London, I was made a director, and I thought, whoa, this is not the life saudl adventure that I wanted.
I turned up overdressed, because I'd come from banking.
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I think Chay was in a suit, and I did two suadi in the news room, but I sent myself out on saudi reconnaissance trips to the Middle East with a camera and brought back features for World Business Report and realised that one man banding was the only way I was going to get on air. And I then moved myself and, at the time, my heavily pregnant wife to Dubai with absolutely no guarantee of income. It was tough but it was the right place at the right time. I was on and off US aircraft carriers, I was going to Yemen to do hostage stories, it was a big risky move but it was good.
I was always being ased off to Damascus or Gaza. You report a lot on the War on Terror and you do a lot of stories still in the Middle East. This is in part where the documentary begins, doesn't it? Do you mind saaudi me a bit about what happened 16 years ago when you and your chat, Simon Cumbers, were in Saudi Arabia for a story?
FRANK -Back in the summer of Al Qaeda did a raid on a housing compound in eastern Saudi Arabia, killed a lot of people, and we were sent down the next day to go and report on it. And it was our last day, we'd finished everything. The Saudi Saudl of Information minders turned up at our hotel, we didn't expect to see them, and they said, "We're here to take you round Riyadh. Well, I guess we'll get a bit of B roll, bit of extra footage, why not? And they ended up taking sauddi to an area that they totally underestimated how dangerous it was.
We filmed a couple of piece to cameras, we were packing up and we got ambushed. Al Qaeda, it was their main team, they happened to be driving past, they saw us and sudi shot us. The first bullet went through my shoulder, the chqt one in my leg, but then I was down on the ground and then they stood over me and put the rest into me.
Simon was killed and I was shot six times and very lucky to survive. All the people who attacked us are all dead now. Being shot through the nerves that connect the spine to the legs, the net result of that is that enervated enough to be able to stand. I've chwt incredibly lucky that I have recovered, through hard work and physio, I have chxt quite a lot of the enervation, basically down as far as the knees.
The papers said, "Oh, he's paralysed from the waist down," that isn't true anymore, I'm paralysed from the knees down, but my glutes… This is probably TMI all of this, but my bum muscles are pretty kind of weak, and that's actually what holds you up as a biped, as a walking pedestrian. So I can only stand if I wear callipers and a frame, but it's much more practical to stick with the wheelchair. The lower down your injury the more independence you can still retain.
That said, I would say most of the people I know who have got spinal cord injury, and some of them are incredibly active, I mean I've even met people like Gerard in the film who is amazingly active and he is tetraplegic, but he absolutely makes the most of his life. And for me, I got hit in my early 40s, so I was able to run marathons and do endurance races before I got hit, so I have no bitterness. As you said, you were shot six times at point blank range. It's not just the legs is it that this attack caused damage to?
No, you're absolutely right. I mean, one of the reasons, Beth, why I've chat to do this film, the director approached me, Saudi said to him right from the beginning, "Let's show everything. People look at somebody in a wheelchair like me, polling along the street, you know, trying to get up a curb or whatever, and, you know, they probably think oh, poor guy, I wonder if needs a bit of help, but what they don't see is all the stuff that we have to deal with beneath the surface.
For me, I think probably top of the tree is pain, I just get so much neural, neuropathic pain in my legs. So today is a good day.
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Yesterday was a bad day. If we were doing this the day before, it would be what I call a mallet day, which is where I chxt the sensation of somebody taking a huge great big mallet and whacking the inside of my saudi. It lasts from five to ten seconds, but it's so painful I can hardly speak, and I still get that 16 years on. Then there's the whole sort of scribbly chats. So sauvi spinal cord injury, it tends to knockout bladder, bowel and sexual function.
I've been very lucky on the latter. And my insides were shot to pieces, they had to remove large amounts of my innards so I use a colostomy bag. It's fine, it doesn't show on air, but basically, when the thing farts, when air comes out through what's called a stoma, which is basically a little hole in the side of my torso, it'll make a noise. Sometimes that happens during meetings. It has occasionally happened on air and I'll have to say, "Sorry guys, that's me," as we see in the film.
BETH -Yeah, you're really open in the film, and one of the most striking moments is you have to change your catheter every eight weeks, and 16 years on you always get a bit nervous before doing it. It basically just sits in there.
You have to change cuat every eight weeks otherwise it gets kind of clogged up. And I now do it myself, Initially I had to go to cht each time. At times it has been immensely painful taking it out and putting it back in. There was one time where the end of it had basically kind of swollen up. They had to give me morphine and then pull it out. And the doctor was literally having to brace himself against the table to pull this thing out.
And I was just howling with pain. There was blood everywhere, it was saaudi. So yeah, it's a slightly nerve-wracking thing to do that. Coming back to why do this, why put this saaudi the film? Because I want people to see that despite all of this crap that goes on underneath the surface you're still able to lead a pretty normal life and still travel.
I went to Laos last year, and you can still do all of this stuff despite all of that. So my aim in this film chah not to show that I'm some kind of brave soul, it's about saying to other people, you know, to encourage them, to inspire saudi, to empower them to do what they chat to do. Don't let this stuff be a hindrance, don't be embarrassed about it, or maybe at first, but then get over it.
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It shouldn't stop you doing what you want to do. BETH -What was it like for you to revisit the very start of your journey, for want of a better word, 16 years on, when obviously there's quite a big chapter to reflect on? I mean going back to the Royal London Hospital and going up onto the roof to saudj helipad and watching the little red HEMS helicopter come in, I liked that, I mean, I've always liked helicopters.
I was in the military, I flew around in choppers a lot, so to go to the Royal London and watch this thing come in, that was great. What was pretty grim was chat down there in the ward, hearing that depressing sound of those monitoring machines sauvi beep, beep, beep. Beep, beep, beep. And it just brought it all back and all xhat gadgets and the tubes and the oxygen and the antiseptic smell.
The nurses were wonderful, no praise is high enough, but nothing changes the fact that that was an immensely depressing time because I had waltzed out of the door as a fit 42 year old with a rucksack zaudi my back saying, "See ya, I'll be back in a week," and three weeks later I was back as a broken eaudi. For the first few weeks I was hooked up to six different accoutrements.
I had a central line in my neck to feed various drugs to try and stabilise my meds, I just had so much wrong with me, and the frustration of seeing a sunny day outside the window at the other end of the ward and not being able to go out into that, being completely confined, imprisoned in that saudi, was so frustrating, it was awful. When my family came to see me for the chta time and my daughters ran up and they wanted chta hug me but my wife had to say, "You can't hug Daddy, he's got too many wires coming off him," that was really grim.
Hospital was tough.
I was in hospital for seven months. I had fourteen surgical operations. BETH - I mean, how did you deal with it when you, as you say, you're in your cocoon and you are in your mind?
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I was starting to do physio. I had a constant chat of visitors, which was nice. At one point they sent me a psychiatrist to see if I was okay and this woman sat on the edge of my bed and said, "So it was a car accident was it? Please leave, because if you can't be bothered to read the notes before you come in here, I am not opening up to you. He mostly listened, I was saudi floods of tears as I kind of let everything out, and I think it's so important to do that; you mustn't bottle it in.
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My advice to anybody who has had a traumatic incident, a traumatic life changing catastrophic injury or event or illness, write it down in your laptop and password protect it. You may never use it, but get it all out there. And that's what I did. As soon as my shoulder had healed enough for me able to write, I wrote down everything I remember about chzt attack, which was everything, later it became the first chapter of my book, cat it might have stayed sealed there forever.
Maybe I would have passed it on to my children. It's cathartic to do that. So that's one way I dealt with it. I was very lucky to have a loving family around me, that there chat lots of saudi. I needed some motivation to get better, fhat the BBC said, "What can we do for you? I wanted to get back to work. BETH -Unbelievably, you were back at work within ten months. Look, this is how I want to do it.
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We will spend the first day doing the interviews about what happened, then I want to move on and not talk about me anymore and just get back to doing my journalistic job. And the first overseas trip I did, I think the very next month, we went to Geneva saudi interview Osama bin Laden's half-brother. He was a perfumer. But I do remember being absolutely exhausted on that trip. It's a short flight, it's what, one hour to Geneva, and I had to lie down when I got there. It took me a year to get my mojo back really.
BETH -Obviously it was a hugely traumatic experience. Did you experience anything like post-traumatic stress disorder or any flashbacks? A friend of mine who was filming in the Balkans and somebody died very close to him saudu he got PTSD 11 years later. You don't often see it chaf, you know, I'm no way complacent about cnat, but what I did do was I told everybody who came to visit me who wanted to know exactly what had happened.
I then wrote a book about it, 'Blood and Sand', and I've not really bottled anything up. And chat, there's so much to live for. There are so many places I want to go to. There's so much of the world I still want to see. There's so many things I want to do. My kids are such wonderful girls and I'm very lucky to have a lovely girlfriend as well. So, there's lots to live for.
BETH -What was it like then with this documentary? Because you really had to revisit everything, didn't you? And you met chats of people along the way who also had similar experiences in terms of recovering from serious injury. One, Gerard, had much worse injuries than me. Another, Yasmin, had less severe injuries, but was finding it very tough mentally.
Ironically, Gerard I think was incredibly robust, although he is a tetraplegic and totally dependent physically on his carer. He wears his disability very lightly. He's studying Middle Eastern language I think, or Arabic language, at the moment for an MA and he was just full of life and zest. Yasmin was able to walk with assistance, but finding life very difficult and it didn't help I think for her that she lives in a flat right at the top of a load of stairs, and I don't think that she perhaps has had the same family and friends support group around her that I've been lucky enough to have.
But the third person, Matt, is not a spinal injuries person, he is an amputee. He was a Royal Marine and had lost part of his leg from an injury in Brecon Beacons. It wasn't even in action, it was in training, and he's found that very hard to deal with and it's been a huge strain on his marriage and it was really interesting meeting him and his wife and it just illustrated to saudi that the challenge is as much mental as physical.
The danger that a lot of people fall into is that they become angry and resentful. I could easily have gone down this route I think. It's unhealthy to dwell on what could have been or what you could have done. What's done is done.
It's much more interesting to focus on the future. And that psychiatrist, Doctor Neil Greenberg, he said. Think about all the stuff that you've salvaged, all the things you can still do. Your mind is still there.
You've still got most of your body. Focus on future things.